Every year on 8th June, we celebrate World Ocean Day to educate people about the impact of human actions on oceans. We all know that water covers almost 70% of our planet's surface and is a vital aspect of the ecosystem. World Oceans Day provides a chance for governments around the world to educate the public about the impact of economic activity and human actions on the ocean. The International Maritime Organization (IMO) was founded in 1973 to handle issues like oil pollution, noxious liquids transported in bulk, sewage, waste, and ship air pollution. World Oceans Day 2021's theme is "Life and livelihoods in the Ocean”. The subject intends to strengthen international cooperation ahead of the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development, which runs from 2021 to 2030 and intends to "produce scientific research and innovative technologies that may integrate ocean science with the requirements of society."
Today on the eve of World Ocean Day, let’s read some interesting facts about the ocean and ocean life.
1) Nearly 95% of all life is found in the water.
2) Excessive sunlight can damage the algae respiring inside the coral. To protect algae coral produces its own sunscreen from fluorescing.
3)It is said that there are around 20 million tons of gold dispersed throughout the ocean!
4) Following the last ice age, the planet Earth now has two ice sheets: one in Antarctica and the other in Greenland. They are reported to be greater than the United States' continental territory.
5) The world's longest mountain range is 10 times longer than the Andes, and it's submerged.
6) In the Mariana Trench, the water pressure at the bottom weighs tons per square inch. It can crush you like an ant. Can you believe it?
7) Approximately 5% of the world's oceans have been explored.
8) Under the sea, there are more historic artifacts than in all of the world's museums combined.
9) The Mediterranean was a dry basin 5 million years ago during the Zanclean flood until the Atlantic surged through the Strait of Gibraltar and filled it.
10) Tsunamis are produced by earthquakes and can travel at speeds of 500 miles per hour over the ocean at a depth of 3.7 miles.
11) In the water, there are 3 million shipwrecks.
12) The sea level would increase by 262 feet if all of the glaciers and sheets of Arctic sea ice melted at the same time.