On 2 February, World Wetlands Day is celebrated aiming to prevail awareness globally that how much wetlands are important for the planet Earth. Do you know what wetlands are and how does it help our ecosystem? Wetlands are well-defined ecosystems including water purification, water storage, processing of carbon, and other nutrients and stabilization of shorelines. It is the most biologically diverse ecosystem providing shelters to plants and animals. There are many kinds of wetlands like freshwater wetlands, brackish wetlands or human-made wetlands. Human-made wetlands include paddy-field farming, fish ponds, pollution ponds and more. Today, we are going to visit some beautiful and refreshing wetlands in India, which need to be visited mandatorily.
1) Sundarban Wetlands, West Bengal – We all know that Sundarbans has the largest mangrove forest in the world. It is now considered as the Wetland of International Importance. We all know Sundarbans is the home of Royal Bengal Tigers but they also have river maze, rivulets and creeks.
2) Harike Lake, Punjab - Harike Lake also known as ‘Hari-ke-Pattan' Is the largest wetland in northern India located in the border of Tarn Taran Sahib and Ferozepur district. The man-made and lacustrine wetlands are prepared across three districts of Punjab.
3) Kolleru Lake, Andhra Pradesh – Situated in Andhra Pradesh, Kolleru Lake is the largest freshwater lake in India with 200 species of birds. It is an important habitat for over 20 million residents and migratory birds.
4) Tso Moriri, Leh- Ladakh – Surrounded with beautiful scenic beauty, Tso Moriri or Lake Moriri is protected as the Tso Moriri Wetland Conservation Reserve. The water enters the lake from the north and the southwest. The Tso Moriri lake is oligotrophic and the waters are alkaline in nature.
5) Chandra Taal Wetlands, Himachal Pradesh – The rugged and inhospitable surroundings of Chandra Taal lake is protected with flowers and wildlife during summer. The wetland has a production of fisheries and forests but has no permanent human settlement.