The Kargil war lasted more than 60 days and ended on July 26, 1999, when the Pakistani army took advantage of melting snow to seize control of India's high outposts, breaking a bilateral agreement that the station would be left unattended throughout the winter season. Pakistani army forces denied their involvement in the war, alleging the Kashmiri separatist's involvement in it. The Pakistani paramilitary troops commanded by General Ashraf Rashid were engaged, according to documents left behind by victims and subsequent statements by Pakistan's Prime Minister and Chief of Army Staff.
Every year Kargil Vijay Diwas is held to salute the heroes of the Kargil War. The Prime Minister of India pays respect to the soldiers at Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate, in the Kargil–sector, and the national capital of New Delhi.
Increasing tensions and strife in the 1990s as a result of separatist activity in Kashmir, as well as both countries' nuclear testing in 1998, resulted in a more combative atmosphere. Both countries signed the Lahore Declaration in February 1999, committing to find a peaceful, bilateral settlement to the Kashmir problem. During the winter of 1998–1999, Pakistani Armed Elements were secretly training and moving troops and paramilitary forces into the area on the Indian side of the line of control (LOC) in order to break the link between Kashmir and Ladakh and force Indian forces to withdraw from the Siachen Glacier.
The infiltrators were presumed to be jihadis by the Indian troops stationed in the area, who claimed that they would be evicted in a matter of days. The Indian army realised the plan of attack was on a much larger scale after discovering infiltration further along the LOC, as well as the difference in tactics adopted by the infiltrators. The entire area captured by the invasion is estimated to be between 130 km² – 200 km².
During the war, 527 troops from the Indian Armed Forces died.